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Gum Disease

Gum disease, also known as periodontitis, is an infection of the gums. It is very common in the adult population, but if it is not treated properly, it can cause bone loss and eventual loss of teeth. Gingivitis is a condition that is seen at the start of periodontitis. Gingivitis usually shows as red, inflammed gums that bleed easily when brushing. You may also have bad breath. It is caused by the buildup of plaque. It can be prevented and treated with regular professional cleanings and good brushing and flossing at home. If gingivitis is not treated, periodontitis may develop.

  • Poor oral hygiene

  • Tobacco use

  • Diabetes

  • Certain medications

  • Pregnancy

  • Crooked teeth

Risk Factors for Gum Disease:

Signs and Symptoms:

  • Bleeding while brushing

  • Inflammed, red gums

  • Recession of gums

  • Bad breath

  • Loose teeth

  • Shifting of teeth

  • Pus draining from gums

Treatment of Gum Disease:

  • In office - review oral hygiene instructions, deep cleaning (scaling and root planing)

  • Specialist (Periodontist) - gum surgery to repair/replace damaged gums/bone